Testicle pain


Definition

Testicle pain is discomfort in one or both testicles. The pain can spread into the lower abdomen.

Alternative Names

Pain - testicle; Orchalgia; Epididymitis; Orchitis

Causes

This EM Should be displayed at the top of the article section "Causes"

The testicles are very sensitive. Even a minor injury can cause pain. In some conditions, abdominal pain may occur before testicle pain.

Common causes of testicle pain include:

Mild pain may be caused by fluid collection in the scrotum, such as:

Home Care

Non-urgent causes of testicle pain, such as minor injuries and fluid collection, can often be treated with home care. The following steps may reduce discomfort and swelling:

Preventive measures to take:

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Sudden, severe testicle pain needs immediate medical care.

Call your provider right away or go to an emergency room if:

Also call your provider right away if:

What to Expect at Your Office Visit

Your provider will do an exam of your groin, testicles, and abdomen. Your provider will ask you questions about the pain such as:

The following tests may be performed:

References

Barthold JS. Abnormalities of the testis and scrotum and their surgical management. In: Wein AJ, Kavoussi LR, Novick AC, Partin AW, eds. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 132.

Montgomery JS, Bloom DA. The diagnosis and management of scrotal masses. Med Clin North Am. 2011;95:235-244. PMID: 21095426 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ 21095426.

Trojian TH, Lishnak TS, Heiman D. Epididymitis and orchitis: an overview. Am Fam Physician. 2009;79(7). PMID: 19378875 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19378875.

Wampler SM, Llanes M. Common scrotal and testicular problems. Prim Care. 2010;37:613-626. PMID: 20705202 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ 20705202.

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